Find helpful customer reviews and review ratings for The Forgotten Exodus The Into Africa Theory of Human Evolution at Amazon.com. One of the most astonishing results was the realisation that Homo sapiens and Homo neanderthalensis had split from each other far earlier than had ever been considered, potentially well over 700Kya, rather than close to 400Kya. Recent Posts. Judging by the lack of any media furore I think it is safe to say that the answer to the above question is ‘not very much’, because this has been the situation since 2016. Below are some websites for downloading free [PDF] The Forgotten Exodus: The Into Africa Theory of Human Evolution books where you can acquire as much knowledge as you want. Official Forum switchboard.buzz. SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA has long … The first migrations began around 200,000 years ago, during a period of intense climatic problems and low population numbers, with a small group making their way to East Africa. Nights of the Witch [i] Nuclear DNA sequences from the Middle Pleistocene Sima de los Huesos hominins https://www.nature.com/, [i] The erratic mitochondrial clock: variations of mutation rate, not population size, affect mtDNA diversity across birds and mammals https://bmcevolbiol.biomedcentral.com/, [i] Chinese academics point to fossil finds as evidence modern humans evolved in Southeast Asia http://www.news.com.au/, [i] New skulls from China have scientists and the Media in a muddle https://phys.org/, [i] Multiregional, not multiple origins https://deepblue.lib.umich.edu/, [i] Near extinction for Homo Sapiens http://www.cbc.ca/, [i] Discovery of earliest Homo Sapien skulls backs ‘Out of Africa’ theory http://www.bradshawfoundation.com/, [i] Armageddon and its aftermath: dating the Toba super-eruption http://theconversation.com/, [i] The engraved ochres of Blombos Cave https://humanprehistory.wordpress.com/, [i] African tribe populated rest of the world http://www.telegraph.co.uk/, [i] Beautiful skull spurs debate on human history http://news.nationalgeographic.com/, [i] Origins of Indonesian hobbits finally revealed https://phys.org/, [i] The first Indo-French prehistorical mission in Siwaliks and the discovery of anthropic activities at 2.6 million years http://www.sciencedirect.com/, [i] World-first genome study reveals rich history of aboriginal australians http://www.abc.net.au/. There is now no known direct ancestor of modern humans in Europe or Africa. I am not the first to see fundamental errors in the popular consensus model of human evolution and the associated early migrations that colonised the planet. Further, the single and original H. sapiens was believed to have travelled out of Africa around 70 000 years ago. Yet this model raises many questions and contradictions about the peopling of the earth. To help boast the tourism industry, suppliers are . Each clique of scientists has a part of the story correct, but new evidence shows they are all fundamentally wrong. It has certainly begun to look like this might be the case. Start by marking “The Forgotten Exodus: The Into Africa Theory of Human Evolution” as Want to Read: Error rating book. [i] On the Australasian island of Guinea, we find the only signature for interbreeding between Denisovans and modern humans dating to 44,000 years ago. Consciencism manifested his socialist ideal named. I loved the suggestions for homo sapiens evolution contained in this book. Africa Lucy vs. Adam and Eve: The theory of evolution in Africa. by Graham Hancock, Mitra Politi Be the first to ask a question about The Forgotten Exodus. Like the Out of Africa theory, the Multiregional theory suggests that all early hominin evolution happened in Africa, until migrations of Homo erectus moved out of the continent. [i], I then identify a second migration event 74,000 years ago, following the eruption of the Lake Toba super volcano. You'll probably find yourself looking some of this up on Google. Home Into Africa Theory Into Africa Theory. The Postnational Constellation: Political Essays, by Jürgen Habermas. Welcome back. In my model, I offer compelling evidence for three key migrations of Homo sapiens heading out of Australasia. If you are looking to understand what is wrong with the Out of Africa Theory of human origins this is a great place to start. My date for this event is very early in the timeline, perhaps 900 – 800 thousand years ago, a date range supported by the Sima de los Huesos genome research, the Indiana Univeristy fossil study, and analysis of material from the Denisova cave site in Siberia. Martin Luther King Jr. once said, “We are not makers of history. We design, develop and deliver leisure travel, conferencing and incentives for global clients across Southern and East Africa. Recent scientific studies have begun to change the landscape of paleoanthropological research. Service Ethic and Partnerships. Steve and Evan have spent many years researching the mythology and history of the Aboriginal Australian peoples, also communicating directly with elders. Happy Holidays! You will probably find many kinds of e-publication and other literatures from your papers data source. Although a short read, this book contains information that is turning our understandings of human origins upon its head. The Geographic Origin of Modern Humans: Half a Century after the collapse of the Out of Asia Theory and The Widespread Adoption of Out of Africa Theory, a new debate is underway over the relative importance of Africa and Asia in our evolutionary story. It is also my finding that the oldest lineage identified, hgL, arrived in Africa along the same route as the blue arrow ending in Madagascar. The Into Africa Theory recognises the extraordinary evidence for critical stages in our development occurring in East and Southeast Asia. This paradigm displacing theory of human origins unites hundreds of key sources, carefully fitting each piece of data into the correct location. Before the close of 2016, one highly respected paleoanthropologist, Maria Martinón-Torres of University College London, stated in no uncertain terms that if scientists wanted to find the last ancestor shared with other advanced Homo forms, they “should now be looking for a population that lived around 700,000 to 900,000 years ago.” This statement left the scientific world with an enormous conundrum. Charting the evolutionary divergence of Homo sapiens and their close cousins. Hence, there are many books coming into The Forgotten Exodus: The Into Africa Theory of Human Evolution [PDF] format. Chinese challenge to 'out of Africa' theory. The lack of visualizations hampers understanding of some of the geography and peoples mentioned. by Independently published, The Forgotten Exodus: The Into Africa Theory of Human Evolution. The genetic link between Australia and the Americas is immediately apparent. Just a moment while we sign you in to your Goodreads account. Collapse of Out of Africa Human Origins Model, New African American Histories and Biographies to Read Now. [i] With Meyer’s announcement came the end of an era in human evolutionary theories. Indeed it presents a challenge to the long standing dogma of the Out of Africa hypothesis. There is more to this story than simply cutting H. heidelbergensis from our human family tree. Although my work retains elements of both competing academic models, I find them to be largely incorrect. Wooten (1990) Indeed, rather ironically, many of my key sources derive from scientists that stand opposed to this model (being vocal supporters of the Out of Africa theories). It will not be easy for academics to accept such bold claims from someone whom is neither a paleoanthropologist or an evolutionary biologist. These images . Alex from our MICE team had the opportunity to lea . AoM Archive. Life 3 November 2009 By Phil Mckenna. The fossils of early modern humans found in China easily fit with the Out of Eurasia and Into Africa hypothesis, explained by the existence of a continuous Homo sapiens sapiens presence in Asia with no requirement for a hypothetical population from Africa that later became extinct. Map depicting the hypothesised Out of Africa migrations. I propose that a robust ethical analysis of Africa's agricultural future necessitates engaging with African moral theory. With the dismissal of all known suspects on the list of possible offenders, modern humans were left lacking a viable direct ancestor amongst the known records. Less well known is the fact that their research of mitochondrial DNA revealed evidence suggesting that Homo sapiens emerged from a band of Homo erectus present in Australia around 400,000 years ago. Bruce R. Fenton is an independent British scientific researcher born in the historic English town of Cheltenham, England. There might be some temptation to dismiss this matter out of hand, as it can be difficult to accept that leading academics have got it so wrong. It is abundantly clear that as a new concerted effort to gather and evaluate fossil evidence begins in earnest we see astonishing new discoveries. Refresh and try again. The Into Africa Theory recognises the extraordinary evidence for critical stages in our development occurring in East and Southeast Asia. Not only this, but they were found to have been alone on their evolutionary journey for several hundred thousand years longer than scientists had dared speculate (over twice as long). Research by the geneticists Benoit Nabholz, Sylvain Glémin, and Nicolas Galtier has revealed significant problems with scientific studies that rely heavily on genetic material alone, divorced from the physical examination of fossils (especially in the accuracy of dating by molecular clocks). This interbreeding occurred long after Australia’s supposed isolation, as claimed by the consensus narrative. Denisovan bone fragment that introduced the world to a new human form. We’d love your help. [i] These adventurous men and women were the forebears of every non-African and non-Australian person living on Earth today. One such theory, Ubuntu, is a well‐studied sub‐Saharan African communitarian morality. Why, then, should we take this work seriously? A protein found in the saliva samples of sub-Saharan Africans offers evidence that strongly contradicts the ‘Out of Africa’ theory of human origins. Around 500,000 years ago, somewhere in Eurasia, they underwent further adaptations, giving rise to various regionally adapted lineages. He has spent the last twenty years researching the many mysteries of the ancient world, taking him to archaeological sites spread across all six habitable continents. [i] Elsewhere in Southeast Asia, there is growing suspicion among scientists that Homo floresiensis evolved from a lineage of hominins that lived much earlier than the immediate ancestors of Homo sapiens. This book is not yet featured on Listopia. Cambridge, Massachusetts: MIT Press, 2000. The lucky few that could move fast enough eventually made their way into Africa and found safety in the south of the continent. The Multiregional theory argues that the earliest hominins emerged in Africa and there evolved until a stage known as Homo erectus, around two million years ago. To see what your friends thought of this book. Before pointing out any flaws or offering revisions to this understanding let’s first consider a summary of the current consensus … These are two names synonymous with the establishment of the molecular clock, African Eve hypothesis and the recent out of Africa theory. [i] Not only were they digging up fragments of modern humans, but also evidence of other mysterious hominin forms. Even if this theory is ultimately not spot on, it certainly casts enough doubt on the Out of Africa theory to warrant revisiting the established theory. Into the Light? #traveltuesday and keeping it local. I find that Homo sapiens first emerged in Australasia from a population of Homo erectus, whom had long been residents there. The Chinese paleoanthropologists suspected that some of the recovered fossils might even be from the mysterious Denisovans, previously identified in Siberia. Let us know what’s wrong with this preview of, Published much that Africa can never develop unless she is first liberated from the clutches of colonialism. The Into Africa Theory is a bold new evolutionary hypothesis, one that emerged from a five-year-long detailed re-examination of the available peer-reviewed academic studies. April 7th 2017 Through a clear as crystal exploration of the dating of the fossil record, Fenton constructs his case with lapidary precision. 1 0 1. 10 August, 2017. The Forgotten Exodus: The Into Africa Theory of Human Evolution, reveals that within the known fossil record, the current genetic studies and recent paleoclimate models there is compelling evidence for a superior theory of human origins, representing a paradigm displacement. With Ghana’s independence and he emerging as the president decided to articulate his vision for development in the theory of Consciencism and took it as his leadership ideology. [i] Small groups of survivors to the north of Lake Toba, finding themselves unable to move south to safety, were then forced to head west to escape the devastating nuclear winter and toxic clouds that followed the disaster. Out of Africa theory says the first modern man first evolved in Africa about 200,000 years ago. Thank. It brings together a lot of recent science in exploring the interbreeding of humans with Neanderthals and Denisovans in a way that no other author has done. Homo sapiens are claimed to be a uniquely African species, emerging around 200,000 years ago on the eastern fringes of the continent. Today it’s still far more accepted that humans are a relatively young species. Due to interbreeding on the edges of these regions, evolutionary adaptations were shared across the planet (genetic drift) and the species remained strongly homogenous rather than producing four evolutionarily distinct, anatomically modern human species. He graduated from Anglia Ruskin University Information Systems from, where from his studies of in 2003. Note that my work reverses the direction of this flow for hgL3 in East Africa and for both hgM and hgN in Australasia. The model I offer represents a radical revision to the current evolutionary narrative, and is perhaps revolutionary. As of 2016, we have finds that place early humans in India 3 million years ago (Masol), and Homo erectus populations ranging from Indonesia to the Georgian Republic 2 million years ago (Dmanisi). Bruce’s research activities in Ecuador have featured in the UK’s Telegraph Newspaper and his research expedition into the Caucasus mountains appeared on the popular Science Channel show, The Unexplained Files. IP#160 – Americans Reject Plutocrat Michael Bloomberg | Eric Striker; Artist Speaks – Your Government Wants You To Die From Coronavirus It is, however, important to understand that in every case the opposing arguments against the current consensus position are based on, or supported by, peer-reviewed studies or statements given by consensus academics. Fascinating read, and very convincing. My research colleagues and I have uncovered overwhelming evidence that places the first modern humans in Australasia, with several other advanced hominin forms. Matthias Meyer of the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology headed a team of scientists undertaking detailed analysis of both nuclear and mitochondrial DNA from hominin fossils associated with the Sima de los Huesos archaeological site in Spain. Acclaimed geneticist Svante Pääbo of the Max Planck Institute revealed that his genetic research confirmed, that “Denisovans began to diverge from modern humans regarding DNA sequences about 800,000 years ago” – much earlier than hitherto thought. As the global environment recovered from the Lake Toba eruption 60,000 years ago, a trickle of modern humans (calculated to be just under 200 individuals) moved out of Australasia into Southeast Asia, slowly colonising the Eurasian continent. [i] Could modern humans have first emerged in East Asia? It's moving day! Yet this model raises many questions and contradictions about the peopling of the earth. Finally settled into our new space! Could it be that the year 2016 will one day be known as the year that the Out of Africa paradigm died? I articulate how Ubuntu may lead to a novel and constructive understanding of the ethical considerations for introducing GMOs into sub‐Saharan Africa. We must understand that while respective groups in Africa match European hominin populations, this revelation discounted all known African hominins as being ancestors of modern humans. Matthias Meyer of the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology headed a team of scientists undertaking detailed analysis of both nuclear and mitochondrial DNA from hominin fossils associated with the Sima de los Huesos archaeological site in Spain. [i] The remains of some of these first Africans have been discovered close to one key entry point in the east of the continent (400km), known as the Bab-el-Mandeb straights. The first possible answer to this ‘where to look’ question came in July 2016 with scientist Professor Zhao Lingxiain, whose research group announced they had identified modern human fossil remains at the Bijie archaeological site ranging up to 180,000 years old. It is abundantly clear that as a new concerted effort to gather and evaluate fossil evidence begins in earnest we see astonishing new discoveries. [i] We are however fortunate to have a 2013 research project from Indiana University, headed by well-respected evolutionary biologist Aida Gómez-Robles at our disposal: a comparative analysis of European hominin fossil teeth and jawbones. Bruce Fenton does a good job highlighting the holes in the OOAT and providing an alternative model for the evolution of modern humans which is backed up by recent discoveries and research. We are finding anomalies in all areas of evolutionary studies, whether we look at the mitochondrial and Y-chromosonal data, the datings associated with human archaeological sites, or analysis of hominin morphology. Together they can be considered the godfathers of the multiregional theory of human evolution. The Into Africa theory is firmly based on real-world evidence, data that anyone can freely access and examine for themselves. The third migration event identified in my research is arguably of greatest interest because it involved the direct ancestors of all non-African people alive today. [i] How do entirely isolated populations interbreed with other human groups? This Australasian colonisation of the world is very well supported by the study of both mitochondrial and Y-chromosomal haplogroups, and given further credence by the location and dating of several fossils. Bruce R. Fenton is the author of the revolutionary human origins e-book series, The Forgotten Exodus. Critical Theory and Social Change in South Africa Ben Parker Beyond Hegel and Nietzsche: Philosophy, Culture and Agency, by Elliot L. Jurist. In this model, all lineages were early Homo sapiens; modern humans emerged separately (but concurrently) in Africa, Asia, Europe and Australia. "The Into Africa Theory of Human Evolution" is a well researched and thought provoking work. This makes our history much more understandable - albeit complex - than the status quo. I suggest that some of these few moved along the coasts of Asia, and others sailed the open ocean to Madagascar and hit the coast of South Africa – I associate these refugees with cave sites including Borders Cave, Klasies River Caves and the Blombos Cave.[i]. For much of the last forty years, the scientific community has adhered to the ‘Out of Africa Theory’ for modern human origins, this theory involves several models fused together to best explain 7,000,000 years of human evolution across various hominin species around the globe. One of the most astonishing results was the realisation that Homo sapiens and Homo n… Nick Buckland, one of the founders is the current owner. Loving … For the last few decades, the "Out of Africa Theory (OOAT)" has become the de facto theory to describe human evolution. Homo erectus then moved out of Africa and migrated as far as Southeast Asia. Less well known is the fact that their research of mitochondrial DNA revealed evidence suggesting that Homo sapiens emerged from a band of Homo erectus present in … Bruce now lives in Australia, before arriving there he spent five years living in Ecuador and carrying out direct investigations at an anomalous megalithic construction. 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