The vertebral column acts as a case around the spinal cord to protect it from injury. In this article, we discuss the osteology of the vertebral column, identify the different regions of the spine, and discuss clinically relevant examples. The spinal cord is enclosed inside the vertebral column… When stacked on top of one another, the intervertebral foramen of each vertebra line up to form a canal that holds the spinal cord.1 The spinal cord is a continuation of the medulla oblongata of the brainstem. The spinal cord runs in the vertebral column. As shown in the figure to the left (adapted from a spinal anatomy web site at Emory University) the spinal cord segmental levels do not necessarily correspond to the bony segments. By definition, the vertebrae are the bones of the spine or backbone that function to protect the spinal cord and support the rest of the body and cranium.. Although they run together, they are completely separate and have distinct structures. As the spinal cord and the nervous system as a whole function to transfer information between the body and brain, these paired nerves carry signals in two directions. Nerves that extend from the spinal cord from the lumbar and sacral levels must run in the vertebral canal for a distance before they leave the vertebral column. Acting as a communication conduit for the brain, signals are transmitted and received through the spinal cord. The spinal column is made up of sections of vertebra known as the cervical, thoracic, lumbar, and sacral coccygeal sections. Vertebral Column Vertebrae 33: 7 cervical, 12 thoracic, 5 lumbar, 5 sacral (fused), 4 coccygeal (fused) Parts: body - weight bearing part; vertebral arch - muscle attachment, etc. The spinal cord is a main part of the Central Nervous System and is located in the vertebral column. The main difference between notochord and vertebral column is that notochord is one of the distinguishing features of chordates whereas vertebral column occurs in higher chordates.Furthermore, the notochord is a flexible rod-like structure that lies between the dorsal nerve cord and the gut while the vertebral column is the bony structure containing vertebrae, which protects the spinal cord. According to standard medical books, the human spinal cord extends from the brainstem to the second lumbar vertebrae. Study design: Retrospective cohort of pediatric patients (younger than 21 years) with severe spinal deformities who underwent vertebral column resection (VCR) surgery. Chordates are more developed and advanced organisms with sophisticated cellular structures and metabolic pathways. Complete spinal cord injuries typically occur with crush injuries or three vertebral column fractures that cause the spinal canal to be compromised. When an injury to the spinal cord occurs the flow of information from that point down is stopped. Thus, the lumbar, sacral, and coccygeal nerve roots are LONGER than the cervical and thoracic nerve roots. This is a thick bundle of neurons that runs through the spinal canal or the vertebral column. Questa è la differenza chiave tra il midollo spinale e la colonna vertebrale. Spinal cord is anatomically a long, thin and tubular structure. The vertebral column, also known as the spinal column, is the central axis of the skeleton in all vertebrates. The spinal cord is made up of nerve tissue. Clinical Examination A comprehensive collection of clinical examination OSCE guides that include step-by-step images … No significant difference (P>0.05) between male and female fetuses concerning the termination of the spinal cord was found. 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