Gates notes that much of the French army "was rendered unavailable for operations against Wellington because innumerable Spanish contingents kept materialising all over the country. A major guerrilla war was fought by the Arabs against the Ottoman Turks during the Arab Revolt (1916–1918). In North America, one of the earliest recorded instances of guerrilla warfare was Apalachee resistance to the Spanish during the Narváez expedition in 1528 in present-day Florida. Under the tutelage of Wendake, Wobanaki, Algonquin and Ottawa tutors the habitants of New France learned La Petite Guerre and successfully used them against the Iroquois. However, this is a simplification of a much more complex situation which followed the pattern outlined by Maoist theory.  Volckmann commanded a guerrilla force which operated out of the Cordillera of Northern Luzon in the Philippines from the beginning of World War II to its conclusion. The Khalistan movement still has supporters across the world, mainly in Canada, and the British Sikh Community. Oxford University Press. Tactically, guerrillas usually avoid confrontation with large units and formations of enemy troops but seek and attack small groups of enemy personnel and resources to gradually deplete the opposing force while minimizing their own losses. The army was also alleged to have captured and tortured Sikh youth. Finnish guerrillas, sissis, fought against Russian occupation troops in the Great Northern War, 1710-1721. the north African Muslims uprisings against the colonial powers after second world war. When Britain was under threat of invasion, SOE trained Auxiliary Units to conduct guerrilla warfare in the event of invasion.  Reuters, in accordance with its principle of not using the word terrorist except in direct quotes, refers to "guerrilla groups". 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