It’d be more economical and efficient for humans to eat grains directly and not expend vast water resources on industry-bred animals. If the long-term trend continues, in 30 years there will be little or no seafood available for sustainable harvest. Animal agriculture sickens humans: Animal-derived foods contribute to heart disease, cancer, diabetes, and other problems, and animal agriculture pollutes the air and ruins the quality of life for people who live near slaughterhouses. Animal agriculture mucks up our waterways: Much of the waste produced each year by all the cattle, buffaloes, sheep, goats, pigs, chickens, and other animals raised and killed for food in India winds up in the nation’s water. Manure runoff from cropland and pastures or discharging animal feeding operations and concentrated animal feeding operations (CAFOs) often reaches surface and groundwater systems through surface runoff or infiltration. Why exactly is it so bad about this runoff and leakage? 4. There were 70 fish kills reported in freshwaters (rivers and lakes) from 2010-2012 and there are 20 Marine Dead Zones in Ireland. Animal Waste Causes Harmful Air Pollution. Since agricultural pollution mainly impacts water systems and ground water, … The reason for this is the manure and urine created by animals that are stored in manure lagoons, which are effectively untreated cesspools, commonly seep into the groundwater, which in turn flows into rivers. According to the US Environmental Protection Agency, “A typical 2,500 cow dairy operation produces more fecal waste than the entire city of Minneapolis.” The only difference is that Minneapolis engages a waste treatment system that the dairy farms and other animal ag farms avoid saving money. Fortunately, there is always hope. The excessive nutrients dissolved with water from agricultural pesticides, fertilizers, herbicides, and some other agrochemicals, etc. Hurricane Matthew, October 2016. Credit: Dove Imaging. Animal agriculture is an incredibly resource-intensive industry, but that is not the only way it affects the planet. In a One Green Planet article entitled: “Time to Get Real. Practically all forms of technology exact a certain price in environmental damage; agriculture is no exception. "Costs and Consequences: The Real Price of Livestock Grazing on America's Public Lands". Likewise, a report by the public policy group Brighter Green warns that animal waste and runoff from pesticides and fertilizers used for crops to feed animals spoil India’s waterways. According to the US Department of Agriculture, 108,000,000 pounds (49 million kilos) is produced every hour by farmed animals in the US. Concern over agricultural diffuse pollution sources in integrated water quality management has been growing recently. Editor. Eliminating animal agriculture would result in a 75% reduction in overall farmland use and [it could] still feed the world.”, Bloomberg reports on land use: “There’s a single, major occupant on US land: cows. Water is essential for maintaining an adequate food supply and a productive environment for the human population and for other animals, plants, and microbes worldwide. Animal agriculture puts a heavy strain on many of the Earth’s finite land, water and energy resources. To grow just one pound of farmed salmon, an estimated four to eleven pounds of prey fish are consumed. Truth or Drought claims that a plant-based dieter only uses 400 gallons (1514 liters) of water per day. On the Truth or Drought facts overview page, you have a clear statement explaining clearly: “There are basic laws of biophysics that we cannot evade. and large-scale floodplain farming; and (v) scant … Agricultural pollution is the contamination we release into the environment as a by-product of growing and raising livestock, food crops, animal feed, and biofuel crops. In a May 2018 story on avoiding meat and dairy to help the environment, The Guardian states: “Scientists behind the most comprehensive analysis to date of the damage farming does to the planet found that while meat and dairy provide just 18% of calories and 37% of protein globally, it uses the vast majority – 83% – of farmland and produces 60% of agriculture’s greenhouse gas emissions. Agricultural runoff represents a major threat to rivers and lakes. Well, the extremely gross truth is that much of the nitrogen, fecal bacteria, and other pollutants that arise from slaughterhouse operations get discharged directly into our rivers, lakes, and streams. ... How animal agriculture causes pollution: The waste produced by the 70 billion animals farmed each year is typically stored in large lagoons where it emits toxic gases. In order to accommodate the 70 billion animals raised annually for human consumption, a third of the planet’s ice-free land surface, as well as nearly sixteen percent of global freshwater, is devoted to growing livestock. Animal agriculture contributes to water shortages, pollution, climate change, and other environmental problems. 2. The definition of ocean hypoxia is “Reduced oxygen in the ocean, detrimental to living organisms.” This can cause noxious ocean algae blooms and what is referred to as “fish kills.”. Tags: acidification, Algae, Bycatch, concentrated animal feeding operation (CAFO), dead zones, department of agriculture, EPA, eutrophication, fish, Greenpeace, hypertrophication, Hypoxia, ocean acidification, Oceana, oceans, Overfishing, phytoplankton, red tide, Salmon Confidential, Truth or Drought, water pollution. Daryl Elliott Proponent of solar, wind, EVs, veganism, democracy, and all things environmental and progressive. Water Pollution in Agriculture Draft #3 Abstract When it comes to water its pretty much what feeds life. According to environmental reporter Stephen Leahy, in an article titled “Oceans on the Brink: Dying Plankton, Dead Zones, Acidification,” originally published for Inter Press Service (IPS) in 2010: “Phytoplankton are a critical part of our planetary life support system. It turns out, 92% of our water footprint is caused by agriculture, with the production of livestock making up around a third of that figure. This article covers animal agriculture’s connection to freshwater use, freshwater quality, water pollution violations, fishes and other sea animals, ocean hypoxia, and declining phytoplankton in the oceans. Fishcount.org.uk claims that there are up to 2.7 trillion sea animals killed every year by humans plundering the oceans for food. Using incredibly advanced and aggressive technology [such as sonar] to meet demands for seafood, we’re waging a war on our oceans.”, In another article from One Green Planet entitled “10 Alarming Facts about Overfishing,” the writer states: “Modern fishing ships use technologically advanced fish-finding sonar that can find a school of fish with almost military precision. It affects humans, animals, plants and also our water cycle in an adverse way. Pesticides and fertilizers used in agriculture can contaminate both groundwater and surface water, as can organic livestock wastes, antibiotics, silage effluents, and processing wastes from plantation crops. Due to eutrophication, the dissolved oxygen in water starts depleting which causes the death of many fishes and other aquatic creatures. We will likely see an increase in heatwaves, cyclones, and floods; a drop in crop production; a resurgence of several vector and waterborne diseases, and an increased risk to food, energy, and water resources. ... a very large cattle population, with agriculture almost always linked with animal husbandry; (iv) a culture of living close to the river (if not in the river) with dominating instream uses of bathing, washing, cattle wading, waste disposal, etc. “According to the study, the loss of ocean biodiversity is accelerating, and 29 percent of the seafood species humans consume have already crashed. Examples of water pollution from agriculture around the world Europe. Animal agriculture mucks up our waterways: Much of the waste produced each year by all the cattle, buffaloes, sheep, goats, pigs, chickens, and other animals raised and killed for food in India winds up in the nation’s water. A fact from Greenpeace.”. Apart from the negative environmental impact, using any animals for food is unto itself considered by growing numbers of people to be unethical, plus it is entirely unnecessary, and inefficient. UNESCO claims that around 80% of the world’s wastewater is discharged back in the environment without adequate treatment, and since agriculture withdraws the maximum freshwater, it’s also the biggest source of water pollution [6,17].. What do they carry that is so harmful for humans and environment? This is an inefficient system of nutrient acquisition, land use, and water use. Manure lagoons never undergo the same treatment as human sewage, and the quantity of animal manure exceeds human manure by 100-fold in the US. Some of these liquids are sprayed on crops, including in some cases, directly on human food crops. If we did not have water life would not exist. Once in … Agriculture: cause and victim of water pollution, but change is possible Agriculture, which accounts for 70 percent of water withdrawals worldwide, plays a major role in water pollution. entertainment, or abuse in any other way. “As if this wasn’t [sic] horrifying enough, the Environmental Integrity Project (EIP) recently discovered something that takes this dirty little secret from bad to worse. by Daryl Elliott. Animal agriculture is a leading contributor to the world’s water depletion and freshwater contamination from farm runoff. The worst situation … Estimates show that more than 163 million humans in India lack access to safe water and more than 190 million people go hungry, yet the meat, egg, and dairy industries are wasting massive amounts of water, grain, land, and other resources on animal agriculture. The sign points out that raising animals for meat, eggs, and dairy accounts for a third of the world’s freshwater consumption – a finding from a paper published by the American National Academy of Sciences. Agriculture has the biggest impact on water quality, accounting for an estimated 53% of river pollution and is the main contributor of excess nutrients which cause eutrophication: 88% of nitrogen and 49% of phosphorus. Most slaughterhouses operate without any effluent treatment, so untreated waste ends up in the nation’s waterways and pollutes our diminishing groundwater. Animal agriculture drains the world’s water supply: Between watering the crops that farmed animals eat, providing billions of them with drinking water each year, and cleaning away the filth from farms, lorries, and slaughterhouses, the meat, egg, and dairy industries put a serious strain on the world’s water supply. Sign up for our free daily newsletter to never miss a story. Animal ag and other pollution after Hurricane Florence Sept. 2018. It often leaks out or overflows, causing devastation to both land and waterways. Soil washed off fields is the largest source of agricultural pollution in the United States. If you believe that fish farming is good, please consider watching the video below, “Salmon Confidential,” about salmon farming in British Columbia. Future articles will cover wildlife habitat encroachment and extinctions, concentrated animal feeding operation (CAFO) odors, financially marginalized communities, antibiotics produced in the US, antibiotic-resistant bacteria, veganic food production, world hunger, tax subsidies for animal agriculture, hidden costs of animal agriculture including subsidized fast foods, slaughterhouse PTSD and alcohol/drug abuse, domestic abuse, human rights issues, and more. “According to Greenpeace, the depletion of these top predator species can cause a shift in entire oceans ecosystems where commercially valuable fish are replaced by smaller, plankton-feeding fish. contamination of the environment and related surroundings as a result of using the natural and chemical products for farming Animal agriculture takes a toll on the land: The meat, egg, and dairy industries use a third of the world’s cropland, which could be used to feed hungry humans. About 58% of the respondents complained about drinking water contamination, 78% reported drains choked with blood and debris, 74% mentioned infection-spreading insects, 79% noted the pungent smell from the burning of fat and bones, and a whopping 98% disliked the foul odour. As a result, there are accumulating manure lagoons, or cesspools, which endanger the water and nearby communities. Animal agriculture manure and farming fertilizers bring nutrients such as nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium to the proverbial water pollution “table.” All these additions to the environment affect the health of both humans and wildlife.Actually, the main source of nitrogen and phosphorus in surface and groundwater is manure. The oceans provide us with 70 percent of the world’s oxygen and absorb 30 percent of the greenhouse gases that we release into the atmosphere. In a section about the apex predators disappearing fast: “In just 55 years, humans have managed to wipe out 90 percent of the ocean’s top predators. Go green. Fact from Oceana. Advertise with CleanTechnica to get your company in front of millions of monthly readers. A Jammu and Kashmir State Pollution Control Board report warns that animal waste is chemically similar to domestic sewage but considerably more concentrated and that it pollutes streams and watercourses. Of that 1.9 billion acres: 778 million acres of private land are used for livestock grazing (for… As the aquaculture industry continues to expand, prey fish are depleted at alarming and unsustainable rates. Beneath the flooding were the manure lagoons, which have become incorporated into the hurricane flooding water. “As EIP Executive Director Eric Schaeffer reportedly described the disheartening findings, ‘This water pollution is really an environmental justice issue, because many of these slaughterhouses are owned by wealthy international companies, and they are contaminating the rivers and drinking water supplies of rural, often lower-income, minority communities.'”. As human populations and economies grow, global freshwater demand has been increasing rapidly (Hinrichsen et al. According to the EPA in a 2007 survey, 10% of California's groundwater has a Nitrogen level greater than 5 mg/L. Water is the essential to any living organism on this plant. Credit: Google Maps, 2018-10-30. One of the easiest ways to slim your water footprint is to eat less meat and dairy.”. The industrial sector accounts for 19% while only 12% of water withdrawals are destined for households and municipal use.” Truth or Droughtexplains that when we eat plants directly, we are direct consumers of the nutrients. According to the International Assessment of Agricultural Knowledge, Science and Technology for Development: “69% of the world’s freshwater withdrawals are committed to agriculture. In the last 20 years, a new class of agricultural pollutants has emerged in the form of veterinary medicines (antibiotics, vaccines and growth promoters [hormones]), which move from farms through water to ecosystems and drinking-water sources. There are many factors that cause agricultural pollution. In addition to the sea animals killed every year, fishing nets make up about 46% of the great Pacific garbage patch, according to National Geographic. Agriculture contaminates our drinking water. Effect on Aquatic Life. (USDA via Bloomberg)”, Truth or Drought: “Despite its monopoly on farmland and frequent greenwashing to try to justify it, animal agriculture will always be inherently less sustainable than plant-based. Glaser, Christine, et al. “The increasing pace of diversity loss thus imperils the ‘ecosystems services’ that many human populations depend on for survival, the study says.”. The economic costs to fisheries, tourism and other coastal livelihoods are already in the many tens of billions of dollars annually and will only continue to increase in the ‘business as usual’ scenario.”. How animal agriculture impacts our water: The world is moving towards increasing problems of freshwater shortage, scarcity and depletion. It is difficult to determine the precise number of sea animals killed, as they are weighed, not counted. But, despite this amazingness, we feel free to take as many fish as we want from those mysterious depths.”, They continue: “Methods such as longline fishing, bottom trawling, and the use of purse seine nets often devastate marine ecosystems by removing far more fish from an area than was intended. By 2050, consumption of meat and dairy prod… “Anthropogenic [meaning: human caused] inputs of excess nutrients into the coastal environment, from agricultural activities and wastewater, have dramatically increased the occurrence of coastal eutrophication and hypoxia. Manure lagoon liquid is commonly sprayed onto crop fields, which quickly gets into the groundwater and rivers. Contact us here. Current subscribers: You will continue to receive e-mails unless you explicitly opt out, ANIMAL EMERGENCY HELPLINE NO: +91 9820122602. Researchers with Aligarh Muslim University asked people what it was like to live near slaughterhouses. What about the effects of water pollution on animals? Global temperatures rise as forest cover decreases, and oceans warm as they absorb ever-more carbon dioxide. When humans eat animals who have eaten plants, humans are secondary consumers of plants. These large seines are so big that they can be seen from space. Worldwide, animal agriculture is responsible for more greenhouse-gas emissions than is the transportation sector: India is one of the countries at “extreme risk” when the economic impact of climate change will be most keenly felt. Further, several of the facilities were found to be responsible for infecting waterways with as much nitrogen pollution as a small city over the last two years. In this section. A fact from Oceana.”. Upon taking a look at the EPA’s records for the 98 large U.S. meat-processing plants that released more than 250,000 gallons [946,353 liters] of waste per day into waterways between January 2016 and June 2018, the nonprofit environmental organization found that 74 of the plants had violated their pollution control permits at least once. So if you haven’t already gone vegan, please order a free vegan starter kit. Thus a total of almost 80% of the world’s fisheries are fully- to over-exploited, depleted, or in a state of collapse. This equates to around 7% of the population that is drinking contaminated groundwater. In Europe, around half of lakes and rivers are still polluted, according to a recent study published in Nature. Keeping animals and their waste out of streams keeps nitrogen and phosphorus out of the water and protects stream banks. Richa Chadha, Milind Soman’s Deivee, and Lakmé Fashion Week Among Winners of PETA India Vegan Fashion Awards 2020, This Diwali, Rescued Animals Have Reason to Celebrate, Goa Wins PETA India’s 2020 ‘Most Vegan-Friendly State’ Award, PETA India Wins Interim Custody of Horse Abused for Ceremonial Purposes in Mumbai, Delhi High Court Orders Seizure of Hippo From Asiad Circus After PETA India Plea, PETA India Responds to Bird Flu Outbreak With ‘Go Vegan’ Billboards, People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA) India PO Box 28260 Juhu, Mumbai 400 049. Consider becoming a CleanTechnica member, supporter, or ambassador — or a patron on Patreon. The content produced by this site is for entertainment purposes only. It shows the tragic ecologic impact it has had on their waterways. “An ocean with less phytoplankton will function differently,” said Worm, the co-author of a new study on plankton published this week [2010] in Nature. This chemical process may cause oxygen depletion of the water body, also known as “dead zones,” which can make it difficult or impossible for fishes or other life to live in the affected areas. The main factor that contributes heavily to agricultural pollution is the excessive industrial use of fertilizer and pesticides. Zoonotic waterborne pathogens are another major concern (WHO, 2012). … Agricultural practices are not necessarily at fault here – but our choice of food is.” — Bojana Bajzelj, University of Cambridge researcher. Sometimes they are crushed to death by the weight of other sea animals in the nets. Worldwide there are now more than 500 ‘dead zones’ covering 250,000 km2 [96,526 square miles], with the number doubling every ten years since the 1960s. The pollution may come from a variety of sources, ranging from point source water pollution to more diffuse, landscape-level causes, also known as non-point source … Five mg/l is half of the EPA limit of allowed nitrogen in water. Credit: Joshua Stevens, NASA. The Sources and Solutions: Agriculture Applying fertilizers in the proper amount, at the right time of year and with the right method can significantly reduce how much fertilizer reaches water bodies. 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