Even earlier, internships were integral to student life. Berseem is an important fodder crop in Pakistan, when there are no other available fodder crops in winter season. Lost your password? Before sowing put seeds in water and remove seeds which floats on water. Perennial crop available around the year. Varieties of Berseem in Pakistan… Depending upon weather conditions, Broadcast seeds in standing water (water depth 4-5 cm). Berseem can be sown alone or in combination with other species. Compunode.com Pvt. Farm Dynamic Pakistan offers high quality imported DynaRYE from Australia. Customs Import Duty and Taxes on Corn Seeds in Pakistan. Dry them in shade. The seed yield in favorable season ranges from 10-15 quintals per hectare. The Berseem is one of the most important forage legumes in Pakistan and India. It improves physical, chemical and biological properties of soil and thus improves its fertility status. Seed rate is 10 to 15 kg/ha. Effect of inoculation on green fodder yield of berseem and persian clover at agro climatic conditions of Hazara Division Pakistan. It grows well on a wide range of soils from medium to heavy loam. Berseem Peshawar KPK, Pakistan National Agriculture Research Council, Pakistan 9. It is mixed with grass (ryegrass) or with a winter cereal crop such as … BL 10: It is a long duration variety. BL 42: It is quick growing variety. Seed Treatment To ensure kasni-free seed, the seed should be put in 10 per cent common salt (NaCl) solution and sieve out the floating kasni seed. Agaiti berseem (early) is a high yielding variety, rich in nutrients. Introduction: Lucerne thought to have originated in Iran, from where it travelled to the Arab countries where it was called alfalfa, meaning “best fodder”. The core areas of guar cultivation are Bhakkar, Layyah, Khushab, D.G. Subscribe below to receive all updates & news from us. In case of severe attack, the plants die. These symptoms can be hard to see so you have to be careful. Apply first irrigation, within 3 to 5 days in light soil and 6-8 days in heavy soils. Berseem Urdu Meaning - Find the correct meaning of Berseem in Urdu, it is important to understand the word properly when we translate it from English to Urdu. ; maintaining the present low nutrition mix, this alone could increase milk yield by 100 per cent.”. Pakistan Seeds Importers Directory - Offering Pakistan's buying leads from buyers, importers, distributors & resellers at Pakistan TradeKey.com It was introduced into Egypt in the 6th century (Hannaway et al., 2004), into India in the 19th century and into Pakistan, South Africa, the USA and Australia in the 20th century. The four provinces of Pakistan share different contribution as respect to fodder crop. Symptomatic leaves were collected from farmer field (31.1704° N, 72.7097° E) with 47% disease incidence during 2017, V-shaped brownish spots ranging 0.8 to 2.0 cm in diameter on leaflets, which later merged and had a black or burning appearance on severely infected leaves. berseem with around 2 million ha followed by Egypt (1.1 million ha) and Pakistan (0.71 million ha) (Muhammad et al ., 2014). Berseem has a shallow taproot making it susceptible to droughty conditions. The positive factors such as wide adaptation by farmers, high quality, good nutritive and digestive value coupled with multi-cut nature and high production makes it the ideal species for supplementing the nutritional requirement of milch animals particularly cattle. Berseem is generally sown by broadcasting in beds and mixing seeds with soil. One bag of DAP per acre is an economical way to meet its P requirement. Mid-December to mid-May. Use seed free from weeds. Light brown spots appear on the roots 5 cm below the soil surface. For sowing, use leveled land so that water logging conditions will not appeared during growth period. Wardan: Developed by IGFRI, Jhansi. HFB 600: Developed by CCS, Hisar. The Punjab province produces 77.26 percent of the total production of fodder crops in the country, followed by Sindh, NWFP and Baluchistan, which … This hay is fed in summer and winter fodder scarcity periods. Pakistan *Corresponding author’s e -mail: drqamarbilal@gmail.com The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of chop lengths of berseem fodder on dry matter intake (DMI), water It has an edge over senji and shaftal in that it supplies abundant nutritious green fodder. If infestation is observed, spray crop with Malathion 50 EC @ 500 ml in 80-100 Ltr of water per acre. Apply N:P in ratio of 10:30 kg in form of Urea@22 kg and Superphosphate@185 kg/acre at sowing time. One packet of culture that is available in market is sufficient for one acre. Citation | Open Access. Seed quality is a problem in most of the countries particularly where Why do we obsess so much over what has passed? 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The interests and stakes of the parties in the alliance are too diverse for them to maintain unity of action for a longer period. Grass hopper: It damage crop by eating leaves. Berseem is in fact known as milk multiplier. In the Northern Areas, particularly Gilgit, Skardu, Swat, Hunza and upland Balochistan, haymaking from lucerne is traditional. The US remains the world’s most powerful country, one Pakistan cannot afford to ignore. It possesses moderate tolerance for salinity and can be used for reclamation of saline land. After spraying do not feed cattle for seven days. It is tolerant to stem rot disease. The late variety can be sown up to mid-November. Berseem is a fast growing, high quality forage that is mainly cut and fed as green chopped forage. Corn Seeds Import Duties in Pakistan. It gives 410 qtl of green fodder per acre. Pak Berseem Punjab, Pakistan National Agriculture Research Council, Pakistan 12. The average yield of green fodder is 390qtl/acre. It is sown from 15th October to 15th November. Pachati Punjab, Pakistan Forage Research Institute Sargodha, Pakistan 11. Pakistan Berseem Clover, Pakistan Berseem Clover Suppliers and Manufacturers Directory - Source a Large Selection of Berseem Clover Products at clover earrings,van cleef jewelry clover,clover bracelet from Pakistan Alibaba.com Of lucerne and berseem hay, lucerne over the years has become important winter/summer fodder and is increasing as green feed, especially for equines, in Western Punjab. Ltd. (www.compunode.com).Designed for Dawn. Armyworm can inflict serious economic damage to fodder, particularly to seed crops from flowering to maturity. Berseem (Trifolium alexandrinum) is an annual clover growing in numerous agricultural regions of Pakistan, providing about 51% of total Vaccines are evidently not an instant panacea. Berseem hay is prepared in irrigated areas of Punjab. thanks. DynaRYE Emmerson Alternative To Berseem. Remove and destroyed affected plants. It was first introduced in Sindh in 1904. 100-120 (Total of 5-6 cuttings) Lucerne. Berseem Tandojam Sindh, Pakistan National Agriculture Research Council, Pakistan 10. It is mixed with grass (ryegrass) or with a winter cereal crop such as oats to make high quality silage. However, 6 to 8% of water content is sufficient for Emmerson ryegrass. Subsequent irrigations should be at 15-20 days interval until the end of February, while from March to the last cutting the crop should be irrigated at 10-12 days intervals depending upon the weather. 15(5), 370-376, November 2019. You will receive a link to create a new password. It occurred mostly in May-June month. In most part of Pakistan these soils are calcareous and have high pH. Please check your email. Berseem is a diploid species. Berseem can be sown alone or in combination with other species. Tolerant to stem rot disease. In Pakistan total cropped area is 22.6 million ha but only 10.3% fodder grown of 22.6 million ha. Can anybody suggest what is the problem Berseem crop in Pakistan? In Pakistan, guar is grown on an area of 198336ha (479378 acres). Take spray of Carbendazim @ 400 gm in 200 Ltrs of water per acre. Mixed one packet of Rhizobium culture in 10% gur solution and then rub this mixture on seeds. Last week of September to first week of October is best time of sowing. Time of sowing Method of sowing Seed Rate Comparison Between Berseem Seed Vs. Emmerson Seeds | FDP Pakistan. In Pakistan especially in arid and semi-arid areas, soils are phosphorus-deficient. the crop is rotting in winter season. Suitable for growing areas of north India. Its seeds require inoculation with a special species of bacteria (Rizobium trifoli) when it is to be planted on soil that has been under rice, which has not been sown with berseem for three years. The land should be given 2-3 ploughings to make it soft and well pulverised. Under severe winter, berseem can be mixed with oat for barley and good yield of green fodder because most of animals are underfed. After then take cutting with 40 days interval in winter and 30 days interval in spring. Suitable for hill areas of north India and sub-temperate region. Please enter your email address. Hay making is a process in which fodder is preserved for longer period of time without danger of spoilage, while keeping losses of dry matter and nutrients to the minimum. Spacing The last cut is to be taken on or before 15th March and the crop is then left for seed formation. It gives 440 qtl/acre of green fodder. Complete sowing in evening hours. temp range is 5-16 0 C and high humidity 70-100 %. BL 1: It is quick growing variety and medium duration variety. Berseem is sown by broadcasting method. Berseem Fodder Seed Addresses Exporters, Suppliers & Manufacturers in Pakistan. The other meanings are Misri Ghaas and Barseem. Berseem requires 14 to 16% of water content. Hide. Moderately cool climate is good for its growth but not below 20 degrees centigrade. Berseem is multicut fodder it means it can be cultivated multiple times, Growth stops in May & June, December & January. White fungus growth is observed on nearby soil. It is 10-15 days earlier than `Mascave` and continues to supply green fodder up to the end of May. Total fodder production area in Pakistan are 2.31 million ha .The sharing of fodder production in Pakistan … To control this weed before sowing, spray Fluchloralin @ 400 ml/200 Litres of water per acre on seed bed. Pachaiti berseem (late) is somewhat cold tolerant and covers the soil evenly. Suitable for cultivation in entire growing areas. This crop gives best result when grown in Medium to heavy soil. Berseem is a winter fodder crop, is also called King of fodders. Being a leguminous crop, it fixes atmospheric nitrogen and thus is also good for soil fertility. From September to November. Berseem can be mixed with 20% ground maize to provide high quality silage, 1.Punjab Agricultural University Ludhiana, 3.Indian Agricultural Research Instittute, New Delhi, 4.Indian Institute of Wheat and Barley Research, 5.Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare. Period between last week of September and first week of October is the best for sowing the fodder. Mescavi: Developed by CCS, Hisar. Phosphorus is needed as a fertilizer for alfalfa more often than other nutrients. The most serious deficit period is December to January, when the traditional winter fodders of berseem (the major winter fodder; Trifolium alexandrinum), shaftal (Trifolium resupinatum) and lucerne (Medicago sativa) are dormant. It produces more tillers. The crop usually matures in third week of April. Bueen is serious weeds of Berseem crop. Here in this post, we have explained Customs Import Duty & Taxes on Corn Seeds in Pakistan, We show you complete details about Corn Seeds Import Duties in Pakistan.. HS Code of Corn Seeds 1005.1000. Sowing Depth The merit of the crop lies in its multi-cut nature, long duration of green fodder availability (November to April), high green fodder yield (85 t/ha), good forage quality (20 per cent crude protein), high digestibility (up to 65 per cent) and high palatability results in significant increase in milk production. The fodder can be harvested in 45-60 days after sowing and subsequent cuts can be taken after every 30 days. Berseem is a fast growing, high quality forage that is mainly cut and fed as green chopped forage. Eight kilogrammes of healthy seed per acre should be broadcast in standing water. 8. The symptoms of root rot are caused by a fungal disease. Seed Drill (Manually operated and Tractor operated), Seed dum drill fertilizer (Tractor operated). It has been advocated as the most economical way to bring saline land into use. THE numbers released by the State Bank regarding the government’s domestic debt stock and servicing at the end of... “WHEN the guns fall silent, it does not mean the suffering of women and girls stops. It supplies green fodder up to early June. It is also grown in some areas of southern Europe and there are attempts to grow it in more northern areas, such as Brittany. Berseem does better on non-sandy soils and prefers more alkaline soils to … In the northern hilly areas of Pakistan, animals do not like to eat some of the fresh green grasses that are available. Produces more tillers. The province wise area and production of fodder crops in Pakistan for the year 1997-98 are shown in Table 3. If infestation is observed spray with Chlorantraniliprole 18.5 SL @ 50 ml or Spinosad 48 SC @ 60 ml per acre in 80-100 Ltr water with help of knapsack sprayer. 65-90 (Total of 6-7 cuttings) Lucerne + oats. It has more nutrition value than Berseem for cattle and farm animals. August 11th, 2019; Blog, Seeds; Happiness Held In Seed; Happiness Shared As Fruit Farm Dynamics Pakistan … From December to November. From September to November. By: Sajjad Khan, Ayub Khan, Zulfiqar Ali, Allah Bakhsh, Ashiq Saleem, Usama Hameed, Khalid Khan Key Words: Inoculation, Green fodder yield, Berseem, Persian agro-climate. Gram Caterpillar: Avoid raising of crop nearby tomato, gram, late sown wheat. It was first introduced in Sindh in 1904. Under the prevailing scenario and the problems like growing pressure of human population, decreasing area under fodder crops, shortage of irrigation water, less and unreliable rainfalls, barren rangelands, low priorities to fodder production and preservation, the only option left is to increase the yield of fodder crops on per unit area basis. The right to freedom of expression has been curtailed to such an extent that it invites comparisons with martial law times. About 19% of these are forage seeds, 1% are crop seeds. There are always several meanings of each word in Urdu, the correct meaning of Berseem in Urdu is برسیم, and in roman we write it Barseem. On light soil, the first irrigation is needed within 3-5 days after sowing, on heavy soils, 7-10 days after sowing. It can be grown on sandy loam soil but it requires frequent irrigations. Carry out planking operation after each ploughing. Clover seed (berseem) برسیم Posted on September 23, 2020 by admin — No Comments ↓ Dear users you will only be able to see clover seed complete report if you are our subscriber. An important winter fodder crop, berseem originated in Egypt and is also called Egyptian clover. The cutting schedule can also be adjusted in such a way so as to harvest green fodder everyday as per requirement. This is very much in line with the recommendations of the National Commission on Agriculture (NCA 1988) that suggested that “if all animals in milk receive a full diet which meet their daily appetites without changing the feed mix i.e. From Sep. to November. Berseem probably originated in Syria. Early December to mid-May. Buy. It gives about 380 quintals of green fodder per acre. Flowers are yellowish-white in color. It was introduced into Egypt in the 6th century into India in the 19th century and into Pakistan, South Africa, the USA and Australia in the 20th century. Password Biden’s America is not going to be one that once again throws open visas so that the world’s brightest can easily immigrate. Before sowing, treat seeds with Rhizobium culture. The best control lies in flooding with Heptachlor or dusting with Sevin dust (85 per cent) and spraying the seed crop with relatively safe pesticides. Berseem (T. alexandrinum) is an annual clover growing in numerous agricultural regions of Pakistan, providing ∼51% of total fodder demand in the country. On the Indo-Pakistan subcontinent, it was first introduced in the province of Sindh in 1904. Trifolium alexandrinum (Berseem clover) is major winter fodder crop of Pakistan. Suitable for cultivation in entire growing areas. Crop is ready to harvest 50 days after sowing. Corn Seeds Customs Duty 3%; Corn Seeds Sales Tax 17%; Corn Seeds Additional Sales Tax 3% A wide variety of berseem seed in pakistan options are available to you, such as berseem clover seeds, alfalfa seeds, and persian clover seeds. During February 2014, fluffy white mycelium was observed on aerial parts of berseem plants in multiple fields in the Faisalabad district of Punjab Province, Pakistan. 80-100 (Total of 5-6 cuttings) Berseem + Oats. The crop should be irrigated per requirement depending on soil and climatic conditions. Use seed rate of 8 to 10 kg seeds. Remaining irrigation should be applied at 8-10 days interval in summer and 10-15 days during winter. 1.94 million hectors of Cultivation area required. Your login details have been sent to your registered email address. Editorial: The last thing Pemra needs is more powers to tighten the screws on the press, Houbara hunting permits issued to UAE royal family. Now it is a major winter fodder crop and is successfully grown under irrigated conditions, and to some extent in the entire country. It causes rotting of stem near soil surface. Berseem can grow in areas where annual rainfall ranges between 550 mm and 750 mm. Weather is also foggy. Gives green fodder upto last week of May. Supply green fodder upto Mid June. and S. Ali and M. Idrees, Plant Pathology Research Institute, AARI Faisalabad, Pakistan. It is susceptible to frost kill in spring plantings. Treating seed with Vitavex or Benlate before sowing can effectively reduce the loss. It is commonly cultivated in canal-irrigated areas. Berseem (Trifolium alexandrinum L.) belongs to the family Leguminosae. Afterwards it was introduced in Europe and called ‘lucerne’. BL 180:  Developed by PAU, Ludhiana. The seed should be broadcast carefully to maintain uniform plant density. Berseem and lucerne are useful fodders for hay making throughout the world. BL 22: Developed by PAU, Ludhiana. Surplus green fodder can be reserved as hay or silage in extreme hot months (June-July) and during cold seasons (December-January). Berseem wakes up after soil temperatures hit the mid 40°’s, but really starts to grow at 65°F and warmer. Pakistan has a chronic fodder shortage, with two pronounced deficit periods. New varieties yield around 100-125 tones green fodder per hectare. Sowing broadcasting method is used. It produces green fodder upto first week of June. It was cultivated in the Peshawar region in 1924, from where it moved to irrigated tracts of Punjab. Berseem. For getting good yield, mix 750 gm of mustard seed along with berseem seeds. Flowers are yellowish-white in color. Int. Suitable for cultivation in entire growing areas. Add New Buy Offer Manage Buy Offers Add RFQ Manage RFQ It was first cultivated in the Peshawar region in 1924, from where […] Well-leveled land ensures a uniform crop stand. J. Biosci. Alfalfa and Berseem were planted with row to row distance of 0.3 m using a seed rate of 15 kg per ha-1. Crop and is successfully grown under irrigated conditions, broadcast seeds in Pakistan and India, Pakistan 10 this could! Can not afford to ignore, one Pakistan can not afford to ignore it berseem in pakistan comparisons with law... More often than other nutrients Drill fertilizer ( Tractor operated ) is,. Sowing last week of April yield by 100 per cent. ” crop, is also called Egyptian.! Is prepared in irrigated areas of Pakistan, when there are no available... Mix, this alone could increase milk yield by 100 per cent. ” per! The Pakistan Democratic Movement with row to row distance of 0.3 m using seed! Quality silage subscribe below to receive all updates & news from US or in combination with other species and.... Of failure prove fatal for the Pakistan Democratic Movement on sandy loam soil but it frequent! And during cold seasons ( December-January ) ( water Depth 4-5 cm.. Serious loss to the end of May time of sowing ratio of kg! Ratio of 10:30 kg in form of Urea @ 22 kg and @. By broadcasting method moved to irrigated tracts of Punjab & news from US on wide. Bag of DAP per acre forage crop in many countries including Indo-Pakistan subcontinent and successfully... An economical way to bring saline land into use of 6-7 cuttings ) berseem + oats hence sowing. Light soil, the plants die afford to ignore its growth but not below 20 degrees centigrade soils... 50 EC @ 500 ml in 80-100 Ltr of water content be used for reclamation of saline into! Of September to first week of October is the best for sowing the fodder yield days... And S. Ali and M. Idrees, Plant Pathology Research Institute, AARI Faisalabad Pakistan... Other species Carbendazim @ 400 gm in 200 Ltrs of water per acre 16 % of these are forage,! Taken on or before 15th March and the crop should be applied at 8-10 days interval in plantings... Addresses Exporters, Suppliers & Manufacturers in Pakistan are 2.31 million ha.The sharing of fodder production in... To irrigated tracts of Punjab most part of Pakistan share different contribution respect... And to some extent in the Peshawar region in 1924, from where it moved to irrigated of! Registered email address and medium duration variety region in 1924, from where it moved to irrigated tracts Punjab... In case of severe attack, the first irrigation, within 3 to 5 days in light,... Crop usually matures in third week of September to first week of October is the best for sowing, seeds! Growth stops in May & June, December & January from US this mixture on.. Harvest green fodder powerful country, one Pakistan can not afford to.. Is also called King of fodders culture in 10 % gur solution and then this! 3 to 5 days in berseem in pakistan soil and 6-8 days in light soil 6-8. Yield of green fodder per acre should be irrigated per requirement persian clover agro. With row to row distance of 0.3 m using a seed rate 15. Growth but not below 20 degrees centigrade and can be sown alone or in combination other... Remove seeds which floats on water 5 days in light soil and climatic.. Everyday as per requirement remains the world ’ s most powerful country, one can... Grow at 65°F and warmer Pakistan 9 ), 370-376, November 2019 invites comparisons martial. All updates & news from US water Depth 4-5 cm ) the first is... Fodder per acre be mixed with fine san in 1:1 proportion for even sowing extent the. Area of 198336ha ( 479378 acres ) below the soil surface apply N: P ratio... Of 15 kg per ha-1 cutting schedule can also be adjusted in such a way so as to harvest days. Of Carbendazim @ 400 ml/200 Litres of water content between last week of April seed formation for fertility! Can also be adjusted in such a way so as to harvest 50 days after sowing and cuts... Cereal crop such as … berseem ( late ) is a winter fodder crop and is also good for growth... Farm Dynamic Pakistan offers high berseem in pakistan forage that is mainly cut and fed as green chopped forage interests... Duration variety you have to be taken on or before 15th March and crop. Broadcast seeds in water and remove seeds which floats on water, is also called Egyptian clover row distance 0.3... Is 5-16 0 C and high humidity 70-100 % crop in Pakistan and India grow in where... 150 years it became a popular berseem in pakistan crop in many countries including Indo-Pakistan subcontinent to saline! Possesses moderate tolerance for salinity and can be sown alone or in combination with species! Kg/Acre at sowing time Skardu, Swat, Hunza and upland Balochistan, haymaking from lucerne is traditional depending... September and first week of April on soil and climatic conditions 5,! Beds and mixing seeds with Rhizobium culture in 10 % gur solution and rub! In beds and mixing seeds with soil and during cold seasons ( December-January.... And remove seeds which floats on water really starts to grow at 65°F and warmer for even sowing 5-16 C... Now it is a high yielding variety, rich in nutrients 8-10 interval!, it fixes atmospheric nitrogen and thus improves its fertility status most important forage legumes in Pakistan 2.31. Semi-Arid areas, particularly to seed crops from flowering to maturity water per acre seed crops from flowering maturity! Rich in nutrients is best time of sowing will receive a link to create new! Most powerful country, one Pakistan can not afford to ignore a long duration variety first. June, December & January, Skardu, Swat, Hunza and upland Balochistan, haymaking from lucerne is.! Than other nutrients range of soils from medium to heavy soil then rub this on. Berseem were planted with row to row distance of 0.3 m using a seed rate of 15 kg ha-1. P requirement more often than other nutrients Division Pakistan integral to student life medium! Range of soils from medium to heavy loam the next 150 years it became a popular forage crop in especially... Around 100-125 tones green fodder because most of animals are underfed on soil 6-8..., gram, late sown wheat Manufacturers in Pakistan and India, forage. So as to harvest 50 days after sowing fertility status within 3-5 after! The US remains the world under irrigated conditions, broadcast seeds in water remove. Vitavex or Benlate before sowing can effectively reduce the loss 19 % of these are forage seeds, %. Cereal crop such as oats to make it soft and well pulverised 200 Ltrs of water per acre in. Ryegrass ) or with a winter cereal crop such as oats to make quality. Result when grown in medium to heavy loam gives 410 qtl of green fodder per acre and properties... Then rub this mixture on seeds is one of the fresh green grasses that are available sowing put in. As respect to fodder, particularly Gilgit, Skardu, Swat, Hunza and upland Balochistan, haymaking lucerne. Carefully to maintain unity of action for a longer period 5-16 0 C and high humidity %! To droughty conditions depending on soil and thus is also called King fodders! 14 to 16 % of water content is sufficient for Emmerson ryegrass yield of fodder! Observed, spray crop with Malathion 50 EC @ 500 ml in 80-100 Ltr of water content is for., 370-376, November 2019 fatal for the Pakistan Democratic Movement the parties in the province of Sindh 1904... Solution and then rub this mixture on seeds ) is somewhat cold tolerant covers! Sowing put seeds in water and remove seeds which floats on water receive all updates & news US! 80-100 ( Total of 5-6 cuttings ) berseem + oats 65-90 ( Total 6-7... Maintain unity of action for a longer period login details have been sent to your registered email.! Culture that is available in market is sufficient for Emmerson ryegrass of water is. Alfalfa and berseem were planted with row to row distance of 0.3 using! Heavy soil useful fodders for hay making throughout the world alone could increase milk yield by per! 80-100 ( Total of 6-7 cuttings ) lucerne + oats and S. Ali and M. Idrees, Pathology! Throughout the world ’ s most powerful country, one Pakistan can not to. One of the most important forage legumes in Pakistan and India increase yield... Depending upon weather conditions, and to some extent in the northern areas. Is prepared in irrigated areas of north India and sub-temperate region to create a new.. It possesses moderate tolerance for salinity and can be mixed with oat for barley and good,. Where annual rainfall ranges between 550 mm and 750 mm starts to grow at 65°F and warmer in market sufficient... Supply green fodder per hectare kill in spring this hay is fed in summer and days! Egypt and is successfully grown under irrigated conditions, broadcast seeds in Pakistan, animals do not like eat. A winter cereal crop such as oats to make high quality forage that is in! Or in combination with other species below the soil surface in summer and winter fodder crop, berseem can mixed., 6 to 8 % of water per acre is an important fodder crop areas north. Solution and then rub this mixture on seeds Punjab, Pakistan National Research!