Ravel: Introduction and Allegro Despite its origins in the days of antiquity, the harp did not come into its own as an orchestral instrument until the 19th century. Then, respite. French composer Maurice Ravel was among the first to push the modern harp to its new chromatic limits in a chamber music context with his septet Introduction and Allegro of 1905—which remains such a cornerstone of the harp repertoire that it appears on many orchestral harp audition lists. Ravel, indeed, traveled an internal globe throughout his life. This critical edition of Ravel’s Introduction and Allegro includes a preface with historical and performance information on the piece, including a comparison of the separate parts of all seven instruments to the full score with a list of corrections for each instrument. French composer Germaine Tailleferre lived a long and productive life. An Introduction by Anthony Payne Elgar-Payne Symphony No3. Ravel received the commission in 1905 just days before he was to set sail on an extended vacation to Belgium, Holland, and Germany on the Aimée, Alfred and Misia Edwards’s yacht. Geoff Hodgkins review of Première Falstaff, Op 68 First World War Music Fringes of the Fleet Froisart, op.19 From The Bavarian Highlands, op 27 Grania and Diarmid, op 42 In the South. In 1810, a French piano builder, Sebasten Erard, patented the modern pedal harp. It was premiered in Paris in March the following year. 2. Grieg's gradual acceleration is all the more effective with the expansion to full orchestra, including bass drum and cymbals. Each was commissioned to write a piece demonstrating the superiority of one model over the other. Robert Gross, MM, MA, DMA . SHARE. “There was a sense,” she later wrote, “of ‘Who do you think you are, Beethoven?’”. LeClair – Trio Sonata for Flute, Viola & Harp Debussy – Claire de Lune for Viola & Harp Ravel – Introduction and Allegro Debussy – String Quartet Introduction And Allegro Clarinet – David Shifrin Composed By – Ravel* Ensemble – Tokyo String Quartet Flute – Ransom Wilson: 11:05: Ma Mére L'Oye Composed By – Ravel* (5:06) B2a: Pavane Of The Sleeping Beauty/ Transcription By – Nancy Allen (2) B2b: Laideronnette, Empress Of The Pagodas Transcription By – Vera Dulova: B3: Rêverie LIKE . Maurice Ravel (1875–1937) Alternative names: Joseph-Maurice Ravel; Maurice Joseph Ravel: Description: French conductor, choreographer, pianist, composer and musician: Date of birth/death: 7 March 1875 28 December 1937 Location of birth/death: Ciboure, Département Pyrénées-Atlantiques: Paris: Work period: Impressionism: Authority control: Eva Kozma, violin LIKE . SHARE. Friends of Music. A concert aria for the harp soloist, the work is luxuriously in D flat major, and features numerous harp cadenzas. (2005) to Ravel’s Introduction and Allegro, which is a work included for use in the Bonny Method The slow Introduction presents material to be used in the Allegro, alternating with themes of its own, in a series of colors and textures that show Ravel’s mastery of orchestration. A Justification by Colin Matthews Elgar-Payne Symphony No3. “Eight days of solid work and three sleepless nights allowed me to finish it,” he wrote, adding, “for better or worse.”, Despite its small forces, Lilly thinks of the Introduction and Allegro as a concerto, pointing to its lengthy solo cadenza, and the fact that Ravel writes in the score, “for harp with accompaniment of string quartet, flute, and clarinet.”, But, she adds, “Everything is chamber music unless you’re the only person onstage.” Her harp may be featured, “but there are also moments when the flute, clarinet, or strings take over and the harp takes on a more coloristic or accompanimental role.”, Which model won out? Each was commissioned to write a piece demonstrating the superiority of one model over the other. In 1905, Ravel tried one final time to win the prestigious composition competition, the Prix de Rome. 12 sec.) The Introduction and Allegro (1905) is one of the few pieces by Ravel that has remained … ALBERGA String Quartet No. 1 / 27 min Program Details and Notes Tales from Backstage, at the Hall, and in the Community, Allegra Lilly, harp The chromatic harp failed: in order to finger chords the strings had to be positioned so close together that they would cause unwanted vibrations against one another in any loud passages. The principle of steady crescendo leading to climax was echoed by Ravel in Boléro and Arthur Honegger in Pacific 231. But, hearing a performance of the work, Debussy found it “frightfully melancholy. PLAYLIST. 46. The firm of Pleyel had commissioned a work from Debussy (Danses sacrée et profane, 1904) to further sales of the newly invented chromatic harp. The manuscript was returned to the composer only after much persuasion, and Ravel subsequently met his party at Soissons. Double-tonguing and tremolo figures in the winds with arpeggios in the strings create an unusually rich sonority. Both sonatas are fitted into older musical forms, but Debussy’s music flows like liquid around these solid structures, an improvisatory quality that challenges performers. She achieved early notoriety as a member of the loose composer collective, Les Six, but developed her own career over the following seven decades, writing some two hundred works. Two masterpieces of the harp repertoire, one by Ravel and the other by Debussy, owe their existence to a rivalry between manufacturers. Great performance of a great piece & it’s FREE! PLAYLIST. A SCHENKERIAN ANALYSIS OF RAVEL’S INTRODUCTION AND ALLEGRO FROM THE BONNY METHOD OF GUIDED IMAGERY AND MUSIC . The Introduction & Allegro was composed in 1905, after the scandalous reception of his now famous String Quartet in 1903. Introduction & allegro, pedal harp, instrumental ensemble The principle of steady crescendo leading to climax was echoed by Ravel in Boléro and Arthur Honegger in Pacific 231. The, Ravel—thirty, flushed with success, health, and friends—wrote the, Despite its small forces, Lilly thinks of the, Which model won out? On his way to Soissons to catch up with the Aimée, Ravel returned to the chemisier who turned out to be an amateur musician. Danse sacrée et profane December 18, 2016: Mariko Anraku, harp; David Chan, concertmaster; Catherine Ro, violin; Dov Scheindlin, viola; Rafael Figueroa, cello Please refer also to the “private little war” in the notes for Ravel’s Introduction and Allegro. Two French companies locked heads over their competing models: Érard's pedal system; and Pleyel’s double strung harp, with a string for each note. Ravel, Maurice, 1875-1937. User-contributed reviews Tags. Composed: 1905 Instrumentation: Harp, flute, clarinet, 2 violins, viola, and cello. Tailleferre’s sonata “is the epitome of delicacy and refinement, and a joy to play. It was premiered in Paris in March the following year. MP3 • • • Annotate this sheet music. 18 sec.) Sweetly lyrical, with a touch of tartness that lingers on the tongue, joyful sounds of a dance floor are never far away. RAVEL Introduction and Allegro / 10 min. In the first years of the 20th Century, Debussy and Ravel were championed as the latest important voices in French Art Music, each playing important roles within an … This study gathers image and emotional responses reported by Bruscia et al. 6877 - Ravel, Maurice / INTRODUCTION AND ALLEGRO FOR HARP WITH FL/CL/STRINGS Related Scores. Maurice Ravel completed his String Quartet in F major in early April 1903 at the age of 28. Grieg's gradual acceleration is all the more effective with the expansion to full orchestra, including bass drum and cymbals. Introduction and Allegro for Harp, Flute, Clarinet and String Quartet (French: Introduction et allegro pour harpe, flûte, clarinette et quatuor) was written by Maurice Ravel in … Introduction and Allegro M.46 Maurice Ravel. The 10-minute Introduction and Allegro is filled with surprises, one of which is set up by its title, as the slow Introduction lasts just 26 measures before a jump to Allegro—but the tempo does not subsequently stay Allegro, instead making periodic digressions into slower tempos, one coming during a harp cadenza, a rarity in a chamber work. She created variations on this theme through improvisation: “I played for an hour out-of-doors twice a day, usually alone, but sometimes with mimes or storytellers.”, Performance time: Approximately 6 minutes, Born August 22, 1862, Saint-Germain-en-Laye, France, In 1915, Debussy thought he was finished. It is sometimes described as a miniature concerto, but it is more usually classified as a genuine chamber music work. 1905 First Perf ormance. At the turn of the twentieth century, two harp manufacturers waged a private little war. Ravel received the commission in 1905 just days before he was to set sail on an extended vacation to Belgium, Holland, and Germany on the Aimée, Alfred and Misia Edwards’s yacht. In 1810, a French piano builder, Sebasten Erard, patented the modern pedal harp. o MAURICE RAVEL (1875-1937): Introduction and Allegro for Harp, Flute, Clarinet, and Strings Maurice Ravel was born on March 3, 1875 in Ciboure, France, and died on … 6880 - Ravel, Maurice / INTRODUCTION AND ALLEGRO FOR HARP WITH FL/CL/STRINGS Notes. Introduction Et Allegro Composed By – Maurice Ravel: 10:28: Sonate Pour Flute, Alto Et Harpe Composed By – Claude Debussy: 2: I Pastorale: 5:57: 3: II Interlude: 5:04: 4: III Finale: 4:22: Sérénade Composed By – Albert Roussel: 5: I Allegro: 3:56: 6: II Andante: 7:54: 7: III Presto: 4:03: Prélude, Marine Et Chanson Composed By – Guy Ropartz* 8: I Prélude: 4:21: 9: II Marine: 2:56: 10: III Chanson The Introduction and Allegro (1905) is one of the few pieces by Ravel that has remained … One of the composer’s letters describes “a week of continuous work and three sleepless nights,” trying to complete the score … A writer, broadcaster, and Grammy-winning flutist, he lives in Chicago with his wife, son, and badly-behaved orange cat. Happy 250th, Ludwig! So, “whether he meant to or not,” says Lilly, “Ravel almost singlehandedly proved the superiority of the pedal harp.”, First performance: February 22, 1907, in Paris, Micheline Kahn, harp; Philippe Gaubert, flute; M. Pichard, clarinet; Quartet Firmin Touche; Charles Domergue conducting, First SLSO performance: December 14, 1944, Vladimir Golschmann conducting, Nancy Schaefer, harp, Most recent SLSO performance: October 27, 1986, Joan Tower conducting; Jacob Berg, flute; George Silfies, clarinet; Jacques Israelivitch and Jenny Jones, violins; Thomas Dumm, viola; Savely Schuster, cello; and Frances Tietov, harp, Scoring: harp, flute, clarinet, string quartet. Celebrate by hearing our dear friend Bill Eddi... ns conduct the MInnesota Orchestra in Beethoven’s exuberant, original 1st Symphony. While both composers often used harps to color their orchestral scores, Ravel's Introduction and Allegro was the first piece to explore and exploit the full resources of the solo instrument. The Introduction and Allegro was written for the pedal harp. “Before the advent of pedals three hundred years ago,” says Lilly, “the harp was like a piano with only white keys.” At long last, with pedals to adjust the pitch of each string, “the harp could be played in a variety of keys.”, Even after this technological breakthrough, it took time for the harp “to be considered a serious instrument,” says Lilly. ... (05 min. Introduction and Allegro for Harp, Flute, Clarinet and String Quartet by Maurice Ravel Performer: Robert Marcellus (Clarinet), Alice Chalifoux (Harp), Maurice Sharp (Flute) Geoff Hodgkins review of Première Falstaff, Op 68 First World War Music Fringes of the Fleet Froisart, op.19 From The Bavarian Highlands, op 27 Grania and Diarmid, op 42 In the South. She achieved early notoriety as a member of the loose composer collective, Debussy and Ravel were brought into the fray. Highly recommended (in the original format). Tim Munro is the St. Louis Symphony Orchestra’s Creative Partner. Introduction and Allegro for Harp, Flute, Clarinet and String Quartet (1905) Approximate duration: 11 minutes. PROGRAM NOTES. It is written in the key of G-flat major and it is the first piece to explore and exploit the full resources of the solo instrument. It could only have been written by someone with a deep understanding of the sonority of the harp and how one’s hands fit onto the strings.”, Performance time: Approximately 11 minutes. “I find something new every time I come back to it.”, The sonata was written in a mood of joy and calm. Peer Gynt Suite No. The clear winner in the little harp war was the double-action harp, which is still commonly used today. Rebecca Boyer Hall, violin Ravel—thirty, flushed with success, health, and friends—wrote the Introduction and Allegro in little more than a week. Christian Tantillo, viola Introduction & Allegro (1905) by Maurice Ravel “In my own composition I judge a long period of gestation necessary. It's also the finest performance of Ravel's introduction and Allegro I've ever heard. Score Dimensions: 10.5" x 13.5" Parts. Program. The notes seem to … Ravel—thirty, flushed with success, health, and friends—wrote the Introduction and Allegro in little more than a week. Program: Ravel - Introduction and Allegro Bloch - Prayer for Cello and Piano Mozart - "Kegelstatt" Trio Brahms - String Sextet No. IMR 20 Key G-flat major Movements/Sections Mov'ts/Sec's: 2 sections: Introduction. Artists LeClair – Trio Sonata for Flute, Viola & Harp Debussy – Claire de Lune for Viola & Harp Ravel – Introduction and Allegro Debussy – String Quartet Composed: 1905 Instrumentation: Harp, flute, clarinet, 2 violins, viola, and cello. “ I wanted to let you know that on Saturday, June 22, I played the Ravel Introduction and Allegro using your edition of the piece in a masterclass with Elizabeth Remy Johnson at AHS. 1 / 27 min Program Details and Notes Perhaps both.”, First performance: November 7, 1916, at the New England Conservatory in Boston, by members of the wind ensemble, Longy Club, First SLSO performance: December 4, 1978, Jacob Berg, flute; Thomas Dumm, viola; Frances Tietov, harp, Most recent SLSO performance: March 4, 1996, Jacob Berg, flute; Katy Mattis, viola; Frances Tietov, harp, Performance time: Approximately 16 minutes, Born April 19, 1892, Saint-Maur-des-Fossés, France. 2 / 15 min. Minnesota Orchestra musicians perform a string quartet by Jamaican-born British composer Eleanor Alberga and a shimmering work by French composer Maurice Ravel for harp, flute, clarinet and string quartet. Introduction and Allegro M.46 Maurice Ravel. I don’t know if one should laugh at it or cry? We’ll bring you fascinating musician interviews, insights into the music, behind-the-scenes footage and more. Among other things, he completed two sonatas: for cello and piano, and for flute, viola, and harp. Introduction and Allegro for Harp, Flute, Clarinet and String Quartet (French: Introduction et allegro pour harpe, flûte, clarinette et quatuor) was written by Maurice Ravel in … The resulting Introduction and Allegro was dedicated to M. A. Blondel, the director of the Érard company. Introduction and Allegro for Harp, Flute, Clarinet and String Quartet by Maurice Ravel Performer: Robert Marcellus (Clarinet), Alice Chalifoux (Harp), Maurice Sharp (Flute) Maurice Ravel (1875–1937) Alternative names: Joseph-Maurice Ravel; Maurice Joseph Ravel: Description: French conductor, choreographer, pianist, composer and musician: Date of birth/death: 7 March 1875 28 December 1937 Location of birth/death: Ciboure, Département Pyrénées-Atlantiques: Paris: Work period: Impressionism: Authority control: M.46 I-Catalogue Number I-Cat. The notes seem to … Peer Gynt Suite No. RAVEL Introduction and Allegro for Harp, Flute, Clarinet and String Orchestra (at 15:50) Sarah Fuller, harp DIAMOND Elegy in Memory of Maurice Ravel (at 29:40) BRITTEN The Sword in the Stone Concert Suite (at 39:25) ARVO PÄRT Cantus in Memoriam Benjamin Britten (at 53:20) Program Notes Program Book. Though the title page bears the wording “pour Harpe avec accompagnement de Quatuor à cordes, Flute et Clarinette,” other editors indicate “partition d’orchestre” and Ravel himself often conducted the work with a small string orchestra. Happy 250th, Ludwig! This Is Minnesota Orchestra is a series of Friday night concert broadcasts live from Orchestra Hall, hosted by Sarah Hicks. The resulting Introduction and Allegro was dedicated to M. A. Blondel, the director of the Érard company. Maurice Ravel (1875-1937) Introduction and Allegro for harp, flute, clarinet and string quartet (1905). Friends of Music / Fantasy Pieces / Night Music / Diversive Elements / Quintets Old & New. During this interval I come progressively, and with a growing precision, to see the form and the evolution that the final work will take in its totality. Ravel, Maurice, 1875-1937. The Allegro can be thought of as an exposition, development, and recapitulation. We had a blast sharing it with friends in a Zoom listening party. The work follows a four-movement classical structure: the opening movement, in sonata form, presents two themes that occur again later in the work; a playful scherzo second movement is followed by a lyrical slow movement. Friends of Music. One of the composer’s letters describes “a week of continuous work and three sleepless nights,” trying to complete the score before the sailing date. / Ravel --Introduction and Allegro for Harp, Flute, Clarinet and String Quartet (10 min. Ravel: Introduction and Allegro Despite its origins in the days of antiquity, the harp did not come into its own as an orchestral instrument until the 19th century. The work follows a four-movement classical structure: the opening movement, in sonata form, presents two themes that occur again later in the work; a playful scherzo second movement is followed by a lyrical slow movement. Born December 2, 1937, Elkins, West Virginia, Died September 21, 2018, New York, New York, When Katherine Hoover graduated from the Eastman School of Music in the 1950s, there were few models of a female composer. But by the late 19th century, something had shifted. Also on the CD is another fascinating recording, Ravel's Introduction and Allegro for Harp, Flute, Clarinet and String Quartet recorded in London in 1930 according to the notes accompanying the CD, or in London in 1923 according to the outer CD jewel box label. Certain effects in the. 1, Op. ALBERGA String Quartet No. This critical edition of Ravel’s Introduction and Allegro includes a preface with historical and performance information on the piece, including a comparison of the separate parts of all seven instruments to the full score with a list of corrections for each instrument. He called his work desk “a factory of nothingness.”. 6880 - Ravel, Maurice / INTRODUCTION AND ALLEGRO FOR HARP WITH FL/CL/STRINGS Notes. The combination of Debussy, Ravel and Franck compositions are a beautiful combination and the recording quality is superb. The harp cadenza, just before the recapitulation, effectively recalls themes from the Introduction. Très lent (G ♭ major) Allegro (G ♭ major) Year/Date of Composition Y/D of Comp. 2. Responsibility: RAVEL: String Quartet in F / Introduction and Allegro. RAVEL Introduction and Allegro for Harp, Flute, Clarinet and String Orchestra (at 15:50) Sarah Fuller, harp DIAMOND Elegy in Memory of Maurice Ravel (at 29:40) BRITTEN The Sword in the Stone Concert Suite (at 39:25) ARVO PÄRT Cantus in Memoriam Benjamin Britten (at 53:20) Program Notes Program Book. (2005) to Ravel’s Introduction and Allegro, which is a work included for use in the Bonny Method Notes: Naxos Digital Services electronic collection. “I am relearning about music,” he wrote. Essentially a miniature concerto in the remote but harp-friendly key of G-flat major, it begins in a hushed, dry whisper, revels in the interplay of textures of breathy flute, reedy clarinet and plucked and bowed strings, and flits among … VIDEO. Ravel completed his Introduction and Allegro for a septet of harp, flute, clarinet and string quartet in June 1905, dedicating it to Albert Blondel, director of Maison Érard. ABSTRACT . 6877 - Ravel, Maurice / INTRODUCTION AND ALLEGRO FOR HARP WITH FL/CL/STRINGS Related Scores. Title Introduction and Allegro Composer Ravel, Maurice: Opus/Catalogue Number Op./Cat. Debussy was offered a seaside villa for the summer, and he came back to life. Sponsors. “The harp has evolved over thousands of years, from the ancient lyre to the modern concert harp,” says SLSO Principal Harpist Allegra Lilly. 2 / 15 min RAVEL Introduction and Allegro / 10 min BEETHOVEN Symphony No. 1, Op. Maurice Ravel (1875-1937) Introduction and Allegro for Harp, Flute, Clarinet, and String Quartet. PROGRAM NOTES by Kalindi Bellach ©2018. Artists War threatened Paris, his marriage was unhappy, and pain from cancer hobbled him. This study gathers image and emotional responses reported by Bruscia et al. At a Glance. A brilliant coda polishes off this tour de force for the harp. Her dozens of solo, chamber, and orchestral works draw inspiration from musical traditions across the globe. PROGRAM NOTES. VIDEO. He then dashed to the harbor only to find that the yacht had sailed without him; to worsen matters, he had left his score at the clothing shop. The Érard piano company, which supplied the Paris Conservatoire with harps and pianos, countered by requesting a work from Maurice Ravel to be written for the customary double-action harp. “I don’t think I’ve ever played this piece the same way twice,” Lilly says. 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